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The Nobel Prize for Medicine 2021 was awarded on Monday to the American David Julius and the American of Lebanese-Armenian origin Ardem Patapoutian, for their discoveries on how the nervous system senses temperature and touch it. Their “revolutionary discoveries” have “made it possible to” understand how heat, cold and mechanical force can initiate the nerve impulses that allow us to perceive and adapt to the world, “said the Nobel jury in Stockholm.
David Julius, 65 year old professor at the University of California, used capsaicin, an active component of chili that causes a burning sensation, to identify a sensor in the nerve endings of the skin that reacts to heat. Ardem Patapoutian, a professor at Scripps Research in California born in 1967, used pressure-sensitive cells to discover a new class of sensors that respond to mechanical stimuli in the body. skin and internal organs.
In addition to messenger RNA vaccines, cell adhesion experts, new avenues for rheumatology treatments, champions of epigenetics or antibiotic resistance would have garnered laurels for the 120 th anniversary of the awards, according to science award experts polled by AFP. Last year, in the midst of a pandemic, the prize 2020 went to virologists, three discoverers of the dreaded hepatitis C.
The Nobel season continues in Stockholm on Tuesday with physics, Wednesday with chemistry, before the long-awaited literature prizes on Thursday and peace on Friday, the only prize awarded in Oslo. The most recent savings price closes the vintage next Monday.