Reopening of the American borders: what are the conditions to be fulfilled in order to be able to travel to the United States?

the essential The United States is preparing to reopen its land and air borders on Monday to travelers vaccinated against Covid – 19, ending 20 months of restrictions particularly badly experienced in Europe or among Mexican and Canadian neighbors.

Separated families, disrupted business relations, thwarted professional ambitions: the “travel ban” imposed by Donald Trump at the start of 2020, then confirmed by his successor Joe Biden, has been widely criticized and it has become emblematic of the upheavals caused by the pandemic.

To guard against the countries most affected by the Covid – 19, Donald Trump quickly imposed restrictions on travel from China in February 2020. Then on 13 March, it was the turn of the Schengen European countries. Great Britain and Ireland followed a few days later, while the land borders with Mexico and Canada were largely closed. What are the conditions to be met in order to be able to enter American soil?

The vaccine, a sine qua non for entering American soil

More than thirty countries are affected by the lifting of this “travel ban”. But entry will not be completely free and the US authorities intend to closely monitor the vaccination status of travelers, at the same time as they will continue to require negative Covid tests.

For travelers arriving by air, the United States will request from Monday, in addition to proof of vaccination and a test within three days before departure, the establishment by the airlines of a contact tracking system.

But from January, the vaccination obligation will apply to all visitors crossing land borders, regardless of their reason for entry. US health authorities have also indicated that all vaccines approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) would be accepted. For the moment, according to the emergency procedure put in place by the WHO, this is the AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer / BioNTech, Indian Covaxin, Sinopharm and Sinovac vaccines. These two Chinese vaccines will therefore make it possible to cross the borders of the United States.

Epidemic resumption in Europe

The American authorities have not yet commented on the rise in the number of Covid cases in Europe. WHO is once again alarmed by the “very worrying” rate of transmission of Covid – 19 in Europe, which could lead to half a million additional deaths on the continent of ‘by February. This fourth “massive” wave hits Germany in particular, with which the Biden administration is paying particular attention to its relationship.

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