Migration route: the Franco-Spanish border is the second gateway to French territory

the essential Over the first eight months of the year 2021, France thus pronounced 31 146 refusal of simplified entry and readmissions at its border with Spain, representing an increase of 120% compared to the same period in 2020, according to the Ministry of the Interior.

Tuesday 12 October, the Basque Country was the scene of a tragedy . Three Algerians died after being struck by a train. They had just crossed the border and were looking to rest a bit before continuing on their way.

This accident illustrates the fact that the Franco-Spanish border is “the second gateway for illegal immigration to French territory, behind Italy”, indicates the Ministry of the Interior to La Dépêche du Midi .

To read also: Train accident in Saint-Jean-de-Luz: the Franco-Spanish migration route is “more and more used “

Since January 2021, l ‘Spain does account for 19 112 irregular entries, including 19 075 by sea (+ 54% compared to the same period in 2020) and 2 045 in the enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla (+ 25% compared to 2020) both by land and sea.

5 213 foreigners in an irregular situation were arrested in the five border departments, i.e. + 54% compared to To 2020.

Moroccans, Algerians and Malians

The third country nationals most arrested at the border or in the border area reflect the three main nationalities arriving in Spain by sea (including 49% in the Canary Islands) : the Moroccans occupy the first place (5 262 France ; 5 575 Spain), in front of Algerians (5 075 FR ; 5 919 ES) and Malians (1 940 FR ; 1 723 ES). According to the Ministry of the Interior, the suspension of removal measures to Algeria and the Kingdom of Morocco is “particularly exploited by the networks of smugglers”.

To read also: Immigration: the number of visas granted by France to Algeria and Morocco divided by two

The government adds that the Pyrénées-Orientales department is under the greatest migratory pressure. But he underlines that “entry refusals can also be pronounced for health reasons with regard to European nationals, entered î resulting in a cyclical increase in border measures “.

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