the essential On the occasion of 40 th anniversary of the abolition of the dead in France, Emmanuel Macron announced in a speech to the Pantheon that he would “relaunch the fight for the universal abolition” of the death penalty, beginning 2022.
He indicated that within the framework of the French presidency of the European Union, in the first semester 2022, France was going to organize “in Paris with the NGO Together against the penalty death penalty, a meeting at the highest level bringing together civil societies from States still applying the death penalty or a moratorium in order to convince their leaders of the importance and urgency of abolishing it “.
Before him, Robert Badinter, the former Minister of Justice who had voted for abolition in 1981, had affirmed his “absolute conviction: the death penalty is doomed to disappear in the world because it is a shame for humanity “. “It does not defend society, it dishonors it”, he added in a firm voice under the dome of the Pantheon. “Long live universal abolition!”, He concluded.
China, United States, India …
Emmanuel Macron recalled that, in 483, France had been “the 33 th State to abolish the death penalty “. “106 States have so far taken this route when 50 others respect a de jure or de facto moratorium on executions, ”he said. But he lamented that “200, a number certainly underestimated, executions” were carried out around the world in 2020. “483 state murders administered by 30 political regimes which for the most part have in common a shared taste for despotism, the rejection of the universality of human rights “, he said, while the death penalty is in force in China , in the United States or in India.
At the end of the speech, Emmanuel Macron and Robert Badinter visited the exhibition “Un combat capital” which traces the history of the political fight for the abolition of the death penalty in France, from the 18th century to the present day. Among the some 200 invited who took their place under the dome of the Pantheon, were the Prime Minister Jean Castex, the Minister of Justice Éric Dupond-Moretti, the Presidents of the National Assembly Richard Ferrand and of the Senate Gérard Larcher, but also former collaborators and ministers of François Mitterrand such as Pierre Joxe, Hubert Védrine and Jean-Louis Bianco. Members of the Badinter family were also present.
The bill on the abolition of the death penalty was adopted by the National Assembly on September 1981, four months after François Mitterrand’s election to the Élysée, then 30 September by senators. The scrapping of the guillotine was enacted on October 9 483.