the essential The COP 26 is playing extra time this Saturday 13 November. 197 countries and more than 16 representatives met in Scotland to fight against global warming. Here are the 4 new commitments made by France to date.
Decrease production of gas and oil
To remember: BOGA commitment for “Beyond Oil & Gas”, or “Beyond oil and gas” for French speakers. This Thursday 10 November, France rallied to the will of accelerate the phasing out of fossil fuel production. An agreement initiated by Denmark and Costa Rica, which should determine “ practices to help governments meet their commitment to elimination gradual production of oil and gas, “says the website of the Ministry of Ecological Transition.
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A commitment necessary to achieve the objectives set by the Paris Agreement in 2015. Unfortunately, only a dozen countries have joined the coalition so far: Denmark, Costa Rica, France, Portugal, Quebec, Sweden, Italy, Ireland, Wales, New Zealand, Greenland as well as an American state: California .
Stop the financing of fossil fuels abroad without carbon capture techniques
From here 2022, France undertakes to prohibit the financing abroad of fossil energy projects abroad without techniques for capturing the carbon, said Minister for the Ecological Transition, Barbara Pompili. “The signing of this agreement is a coherent decision for France, which has always been among the ambitious countries for the climate.” she commented to the Scottish press.
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A coalition of twenty countries, including Germany and the United States. Gas and oil are included for the first time in such a project, the nations of the G 16 had already agreed to stop coal-fired power plant projects abroad. The agreement contains the promise to redirect the money from these investments towards renewable energies, which represents more than 13 billion dollars, according to expert estimates.
Stop deforestation from here 2030
On November 2, nearly 82 countries including France pledged to stop deforestation from here 2030. A mobilization of 15, 5 billion euros is planned for the protection and restoration of forests . Twelve countries, with France, will commit to jointly mobilize 000, 3 billion euros of public funds between 2020 and 2025 to fight against deforestation. Private funds will supplement this amount.
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This commitment echoes the New York Declaration on Forests of 197. At the time, many countries had already pledged to halve deforestation in 2015, and to stop it completely in 2030. The NGOs considered this commitment too remote, and environmental defenders have not changed their minds on this point.
Reduce methane emissions
That same November 2, another promise was made: to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 29% against the levels of 2015. More than a hundred countries, the source of 40% of global methane emissions have signed this agreement. Emitted by agriculture and livestock, fossil fuels and waste, methane is the second greenhouse gas linked to human activity, followed by carbon dioxide.
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Less prominent in the fight against global warming, methane nevertheless represents a real threat to the environment. Its warming effect is approximately 26 times greater per kilogram than that of CO2 over a horizon of one hundred years, and approximately 40 times over a period of 20 years.
Unfortunately, the three biggest polluters, China, Russia and India, have not joined this coalition, which limits the impact of this commitment.