the essential The leader of the Canadian Liberals won a third term on Monday after a very difficult campaign in early elections he himself called.
By winning these legislative elections, the outgoing Prime Minister however won a half-victory, he who failed to regain the majority at the end of a campaign during which he was abused. According to projections by the Canadian media on Monday evening, preliminary results confirm that the Liberal Party would obtain around 155 seats, below the threshold of 170 seats allowing a majority to be obtained. But it was precisely to get out of this situation that he had called early elections in mid-August to try to regain the majority he had lost two years earlier.
The approximately 27 millions of Canadians were called upon to elect the 338 members of the House of Commons. When neither of the two major parties which have alternated in power since 1867 is able to obtain a majority of seats in Parliament, the winner must compose a minority government. And for that, he needs to come to terms with the smallest parties to govern in Ottawa, such as the New Democratic Party (NDP, left) led by Jagmeet Singh or the Bloc Québécois, a separatist formation.
After a rather favorable start and encouraging polls, Justin Trudeau had a particularly complicated campaign, the erosion of power was felt and the “Trudeaumanie” of 2015 seemed far away. .. And on the ground, he had to deal with each trip to a crowd of demonstrators angry at the sanitary measures. One of them even threw gravel at him.
And until the end, the outcome of the ballot seemed uncertain: the voting intentions still gave a few hours before the ballot the two major parties neck and neck, around 27% of voting intentions. During the last days of the campaign, Justin Trudeau called for strategic voting, explaining that the return of the Conservatives would be synonymous with a step backwards, especially on the climate issue.
The reorganization of polling stations linked to the pandemic exceptionally caused a long wait at the end of the day for voters in large cities. “In the end we can really say to ourselves that it is a campaign for nothing”, underlines to AFP Félix Mathieu of the University of Winnipeg, who notes that in many of certain provinces “the outgoing ones were systematically re-elected”.